Initial Submission

Manuscripts must be submitted via email to It is journal policy that the submission process MUST be carried out by the corresponding author. All manuscripts are assigned to the Editor, who is responsible for the peer review process and for deciding whether the manuscript should be accepted, returned for revision or rejected. The corresponding author will receive all correspondence, including an initial acknowledgment and the decision, by email.
All manuscripts are considered to be confidential and are reviewed by the editors, members of the editorial board, or qualified ad hoc reviewers. To expedite the review process, authors must recommend at least six reviewers (names, institutes and email addresses) who are not members of their institution(s), and have never been associated with them or their laboratory(ies).
When a manuscript is submitted to the journal, it is given a number (e.g., JBB00008-01 version 1) and assigned to one of the editors. (Always refer to this number in communications with the editor and the Journals Department). It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to inform the co-authors of the manuscript’s status throughout the submission, review, and publication processes.
The corresponding author is notified, generally within 4 to 8 weeks after submission, of the editor’s decision to accept, reject, or require modification. When modification is requested, the corresponding author must either submit the modified version within 60 days of the decision email or withdraw the manuscript. Manuscripts uploaded late are given a new submission (resubmission) date. A point-by-point response to the reviews must be provided for the revised manuscript, and a compare copy of the manuscript should be included as supplemental material. Changes made in response to referee or editor comments must be highlighted in red. Please provide the files of your supplementary data, if you have made changes, which MUST be in a file(s) separate from the main manuscript file.